UN expert panel cites crimes against humanity committed by Eritrean authorities dating back 25 years
28 October 2016 – Eritrean officials have committed crimes against humanity since 1991, including enslavement, imprisonment, enforced disappearances, torture, other inhumane acts, persecution, rape and murder, a member of the former United Nations Commission of Inquiry on Human Rights in the country reported to UN Member States.
“My plea to you […] is for you to pay heed to voices of victims of crimes against humanity in Eritrea,” said Sheila Keetharuth, presenting the panel’s final report to the UN General Assembly’s main body dealing with social, humanitarian and cultural issues (Third Committee).
The three-member Commission, established by the UN Human Rights Council, ended its mandate in June 2016.
Ms. Keetharuth highlighted the Commission’s clear findings that crimes against humanity have been committed since 1991 by Eritrean officials, adding that such a dire assessment left no room for “business as usual” in the international community’s engagement with the Government of Eritrea.
“The crimes of enslavement, imprisonment, enforced disappearances, torture, other inhumane acts, persecution, rape and murder have been committed as part of a widespread and systematic campaign against the civilian population,” she said. “The aim of the campaign has been to maintain control over the population and perpetuate the leadership’s rule in Eritrea.”
She explained that the Commission has concluded the Government of Eritrea has neither the political will nor the institutional capacity to prosecute the crimes documented, and therefore recommends that the UN Security Council refer the situation in Eritrea to the prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) and that the African Union establish an accountability mechanism.“There is still no constitution, no parliament where laws are discussed, enacted, and where questions of national importance are debated; indefinite national service persists, with its adverse impacts on individual rights; there is no free press and no [non-governmental organizations], except for Government-sponsored ones,” she said.
“The population lives in fear and the Government still controls their daily life, making the enjoyment of all human rights and fundamental freedoms by all Eritreans a remote possibility,” she added.
She noted that while several foreign delegations, journalists and others had been invited to visit Eritrea over the past year, the rampant human rights violations taking place in isolated locations and detention facilities were not apparent to the casual visitor.
Ms. Keetharuth noted that Eritreans were among the largest numbers of African nationals seeking asylum in Europe and that the overall recognition rate for Eritrean asylum seekers in European countries remained high.
“The findings of the Commission underscore that it is not safe to forcibly return those who have left Eritrea,” she stressed, noting that the Commission’s first report documented that individuals forcibly repatriated, with a few exceptions, have been arrested, detained and subjected to ill-treatment and torture.
“I appeal to Member States to grant Eritreans access to their territory and asylum procedures,” she said, reiterating her call to protect all Eritrean asylum-seekers from refoulement and to refrain from any forced repatriation to Eritrea or to third countries where they may still be at risk or unwelcomed.
Ms. Keetharuth is also UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Eritrea.
Special Rapporteurs and independent experts are appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a specific human rights theme or a country situation. The positions are honorary and the experts are not UN staff, nor are they paid for their work.
News Tracker: past stories on this issue
እዛ ጥልያናዊት ምስክነይቲ ሰበይቲ ስደተግኛታት ኣብ”ዕድና በዚሖም ደቂ ሃገር ብዘይ ስራሕ ኮፍ ኢሎም ኩሎም ስደተኛታት ድማ ናብ”ዓዶም ክንመልሶም ኣለና ትብል ኣላ። ንሳ ግን ኣብ”ዓለምና እንታይ ይግበር ኣሎን፣ እዞም ስደተኛታት ስለ”ምንታይ ሃገሮም ገዲፎም ይስደዱ ከም”ዘለዉ ኣፍልጦ ስለ”ዘይብላ ብዙሕ መብርህታት ከድልያ”ዩ። እዚ”ድማ እቲ ፖሎቲካ ኪናት ኣብ”ምንጎ ድኻታት ብ”ናይ”ኣቶ ሳልቪኒ ዝካየድ ዘሎ ጽቡቕ ይሰርሕ ኣሎ። ኣነ ግን ን”ኣቶ ሳልቪኒ ክብሎ ደልየ ዘለኹ እቲ ኣብ”መንጎ ድኻታት ዝፈጠርካዮ ኪናት ስርሑ ጀሚሩ። እዚ ድማ ዘሕጉሰካ እንተኮይኑ ኣቶ ሳልቪኒ ኣገናዕ ምኽንያቱ ተዓዊትካ ኣለኻ።
Honest woman does not know what’s going on in our world, even she does not know What is The Difference Between Refugees and Immigrants. I think this woman needs an explanation why Refugees are fleeing their homeland ? Even Immigrants.
Because she does not know anything, and the propaganda of Mr Salvini is working well.
I would like to tell you Mr Salvini, and your war between the poor started.
if this makes you happy congratulation because you won.
La Povertà non sa cosa sta succedendo nel Nostro Mondo, Anche lei non sa Cosa è La Differenza Tra i Rifugiati e Gli Immigrati. Quello che penso E che Questa donna ha bisogno di una spiegazione, Perché i Rifugiati Stanno fuggendo dal Loro Bella Terra? Anche Gli Immigrati. perché lei non sa nulla, e la politica di Salvini sta lavorando bene.
e vorrei dirvi a Salvini, e il tua guerra tra il poveri avviata.
se questo ti rende felice congratulazione perché hai vinto.
Security forces in Eritrea’s capital Asmara have killed several young conscripts who tried to escape the convoy they were travelling in, according to opposition media outlets.
There were also civilian casualties after some of the recruits’ friends and family used a bus to block the road to help them escape, according to the
Conscription in Eritrea is compulsory.
The Eritrean authorities have not commented on the alleged incident.
Rights groups consider Eritrea to be one of the world’s most repressive states.
In 2015, it ranked bottom of the World Press Freedom Index, published by media watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF).
Conscription in Eritrea can last for decades and is one of the main reasons tens of thousands flee the country every year.
A Questionable Asylum Case Moves to Geneva
www.tagesanzeiger.ch | March 29, 2016
Policemen have taken Amanuel G. in front of his family into custody and deported him to Italy. Politicians fight back for the Eritreans – with a prominent exception.
The scenes go and wife Shishay doesn’t stop thinking. She says: “It was four in the morning. My husband Amanuel and I have not heard the police. Suddenly I woke up and looked at the end of our bed officials are. Also one of our two daughters were with us in bed, exceptionally, because she was sick. ”
The police had ordered them not to move, and her and her husband forbidden to converse in their language. Amanuel had put clothes over his pajamas and must hurry to pack a few belongings in a bag.
“We were shocked. I could not say goodbye to my husband. He was not even possible to embrace our children, “says the pregnant woman in the fifth month.
Later it turned out: Six policemen and a security guard were involved in the action. They accompanied the 32-year-olds from a Geneva asylum institution in which his family is housed, and drove him to the border to Chiasso. They handed him over to the Italian authorities.
Using Alt-Federal Councillors
After Italy, Eritrea Amanuel G. came in July 2009 as a political refugee, after five long months in November, he received a residence permit, but he went to live on the street. The church or charitable institutions helped with food. His wife and her daughter Shishay applied in 2011 in Switzerland for asylum. Aldo Brina, spokesman for the Geneva Centre Social Protestant charity (CSP), which looks after the family says: “Amanuel G. his wife described his life in Italy and did not want his family had to live in the same precarious conditions.” The woman and her daughter were assigned Geneva, where she attended Amanuel few times.
In 2013 the couple had a second daughter. In 2014 Shishay and her daughters received a provisional residence permit in Switzerland. To live permanently and legally with his family, Amanuel G. requested in July 2014, Switzerland also asylum.But the State Secretariat for Migration (SEM) did not approve because of his valid asylum status in Italy. An appeal to the Federal Administrative Court was unsuccessful. The SEM announced on request, it could not comment because of “reasons of privacy and data protection”.
“Here a humanitarian solution must be found. It is about the welfare of children. “Old National Councillor Martine Brunschwig Graf.
Following the Court judgment of January 4, 2016 Amanuel G. was threatened with deportation to Italy and therefore the family separation. That he is regarded as caring, well-integrated family man and has never committed a crime in Switzerland, did not matter.
In February the charity CSP launched a petition against the family separation. About 4500 signatures gathered. The Alt-Federal Councillors Ruth Dreifuss and Micheline Calmy-Rey (both SP) and the former National Councillor Martine Brunschwig Graf (FDP) called on the cantonal asylum responsible to refrain from a family break. Brunschwig Graf says: “The legal system may be clear. But here a humanitarian solution must be found. It is about the welfare of children – even the unborn child “The police action to the morning at four o’clock they called unreasonable as” “..
Also SP National and Mitpetitionär Carlo Sommaruga talks about a “dramatic situation”. Sommaruga doubts that Geneva’s security director Pierre Maudet (FDP) did everything for getting from Justice Minister Simonetta Sommaruga a “residence permit for humanitarian reasons”.
State Maudet took over in an interview with the “Tribune de Genève” responsibility for the actions. The police had used no violence; Amanuel G. was able to say goodbye to his wife and children. Maudet assured that he had wanted in Bern for alternative solutions, even after that, despite a court decision to reassess the dossier. “The answer was negative,” the State Council said.
According to research by Tagesanzeiger.ch/Newsnet Maudet has at a meeting of Cantonal Justice and Police Directors talked about the dossier, but never chat with Federal Councillor Sommaruga privately about it. Faced with this, shares his spokeswoman: “Pierre Maudet has the dossier anonymously to a meeting with Federal Councillor Sommaruga presented.”
The Vaud SP-National Councillor and State law professor Cesla Amarelle referred Maudets action as “unacceptable”. She is surprised that Maudet as quickly acted in the case Amanuel G., “when there are a certain number of offenders among asylum seekers, you would first have to deport”. Amarelle assumes that the government would be more tolerant in their home canton of Vaud and could live with his family the man. She looks for Amanuel G. two possibilities: either he receives for himself, his wife and children family asylum in Italy. Or would succeed him find in Switzerland a job. In this case, he might be, because the family would no longer be dependent on social assistance – a condition for family reunification.
But Amanuel G. has other worries these days. He is in Rome. He should get a new residence permit. This could take months. The birth of his third child moves closer meanwhile.
Software Translation from German
but if we cannot find a protection from the police and the state, where this protection to be found?
ደቂ ሂትለር መንበር ገዛውቲ ስደተኛታት የንድዱን ንስደተኛታት የፈርርሁን ስለ ዘለዉ፣ ኣብ’ኩሉ እንገብሮም ምንቅስቓሳት ጥንቃቐ ከድሊ”ዩ ሓባይብ።
refugees are under fire. we are Surrounded by fire in everywhere we go. there is no power can stop the wave of refugees, except peaceful life in their home land and EU instead of sale weapons to the dictatorship regimes, try resolve the problems and then there will be no reason to any asylum seekers.
our voiceless voice is coming out.