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Eritrea: U.S. Imposes New Sanctions on Eritrea’s Navy Over North Korea Links

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Eritrea has once again found itself on the wrong side of international norms as a U.N. report accused the East African country of violating an arms embargo by buying military communications equipment from North Korea.

This marks the third consecutive year that Eritrea has been named by the U.N. panel monitoring sanctions on North Korea, said Hugh Griffiths, coordinator of the panel.

In response, the United States moved to ban all equipment sales or interactions with Eritrea’s navy, under nonproliferation legislation that targets Iran, Syria and North Korea.

Eritrea was one of seven African countries listed as arms-embargo violators for buying weapons, military material or receiving training from North Korea.

In Eritrea’s case, the U.N. panel found that in July 2016 Eritrea imported 45 boxes of encrypted military radios and accessories, including GPS antennas, microphones and clone cables. The equipment was intercepted before reaching its destination.

The U.N. said the equipment was sold by Glocom, which is said to be a Malaysian front company selling North Korean goods in an attempt to avoid detection. A previous report found evidence that an Eritrean government department had received “military and technical support” from a North Korean company named Green Pine.

Marketing to Africa

Pieter Wezeman, a senior researcher at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute’s (SIPRI) arms and military expenditure program, said North Korea aggressively markets its military goods and services to African countries.

“North Korea, first of all, wants to export arms because it’s one of the things which they can make and for which at least there is some demand,” Wezeman told VOA. “But it is not surprising that the demand is concentrated in countries with very limited economic resources, because what North Korea is supplying generally is not of high quality.”

Wezeman said most of what North Korea sells is out-of-date or refurbished Soviet-era equipment.

“It’s not the kind of equipment which [buyers] are going to pay a lot of money for,” he said. “So they cannot market this stuff to anyone else except to African states and a few others. Myanmar is a country which in the past was also known to have North Korean equipment. Cuba is also one of those, but generally, these are countries which simply cannot afford too much better than that.”

A history of sanctions

Eritrea’s Ministry of Information denounced the new U.S. sanctions as “inexplicable and unwarranted,” and said they followed a pattern established years ago.

“The pattern is sadly the same,” a ministry statement said. “Fallacious reports are first floated and illicit measures subsequently announced by the same architects who act as the plaintiff, prosecutor, and judge.”

Eritrea was previously accused of aiding the Somali extremist group al-Shabaab in 2009. As a result, the U.N. ordered an arms embargo, travel restrictions and a freeze on assets of military and political leaders.

Another U.N. report five years later found no evidence that the Eritrean government continued to support al-Shabaab but declined to lift sanctions.

“The Monitoring Group does not, however, rule out the possibility that Eritrea may be providing some assistance to elements within al-Shabaab without detection, but it is the overall assessment of the Monitoring Group that Eritrea is a marginal actor in Somalia,” the U.N. group found.

Matthew Bryden, chairman of Sahan Research, a Nairobi-based think tank focusing on peace and security issues in the Horn of Africa, told VOA in 2016 that the sanctions include a two-way arms embargo prohibiting Eritrea from importing or exporting weapons and supporting armed groups in the region. “Although the focus was initially on al-Shabaab in Somalia, the wording of the resolution appears to have a wider significance,” he said.

Bryden believes that the sanctions regime has been effective “to the degree that Eritrea has opened its stance, has ceased supplying al-Shabaab, has started cooperating on the issue of prisoners of war and is showing a new openness to the U.N., to the sanctions committee, and to others. So there’s clearly some progress,” he said.

for more information  http://allafrica.com/stories/201704090248.html

Paulos Yacob

free all political prisoners in Eritrea

Reporters Without Borders (RSF) hails UNESCO’s decision, announced today, to award its Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize to Dawit Isaak, a journalist with Swedish and Eritrean dual nationality who has been imprisoned in Eritrea for 15 years without every talking to a lawyer or seeing a judge.

The prize will be formally awarded at a ceremony on 3 May, World Press Freedom Day.

“The decision to award Dawit Isaak this year’s prize is an encouraging signal,” said Cléa Kahn-Sriber, the head of RSF’s Africa desk. “It sends a strong message of denunciation of regimes that obliterate the media and journalism because they communicate democratic values. We reiterate our call to the Eritrean government to free all the journalists it has arbitrarily imprisoned for so many years.”

Isaak moved to Sweden in 1987. In 1993, two years after Eritrea finally obtained its independence from Ethiopia, he returned to the country of his birth to open Eritrea’s first independent newspaper, Setit, in the capital, Asmara.

In 2001, his newspaper published an open letter calling for elections and the implementation of the promised constitution. The ensuing crackdown was terrible. Isaak and ten other journalists were arrested in September of that year and have remained in prison ever since.

RSF has received information that seven of these eleven journalists have died in detention. The fate of Isaak and the other three – Emanuel Asrat, Temesgen Gebreyesus and Seyoum Tsehaye – is unclear.

Tsehaye’s two daughters, who live in France, have had no news of him since his arrest. When, aged 12 and 14, they tried to see the Eritrean ambassador in Paris, he called the police in order to have them removed from the embassy. In June 2015. RSF filed a complaint against persons unknown on their behalf with the French judicial authorities but it was deemed inadmissible.

Isaak’s younger brother, Essayas Isaak, and three lawyers backed by RSF wrote to the Eritrean supreme court in Asmara in 2011 seeking a writ of habeas corpus for Isaak. They requested information about the place where he was being held and his conditions of imprisonment. The supreme court never responded, claiming it did not receive the letter.

In the absence of any response from the Eritrean supreme court, the lawyers turned to the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights (ACHPR) in 2013, when Isaak was 48 and had just completed his 12th year in prison. In Communication 428/12 of February 2016, the ACHPR called on Eritrea to set up a mechanism for effectively locating missing persons and for passing the information to their families.

The ACHPR also stressed the importance of taking immediate measures to allow independent media to operate, to bring relevant laws into line with international standards and to protect journalists from arrest and arbitrary treatment. Eritrea has still not complied with these obligations.

RSF also made a written submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council in 2015 about Isaak’s fate.

According to RSF’s tally, at least 15 journalists are currently detained in Eritrea, which means that Isaias Afewerki’s dictatorship is Africa’s biggest prison for media personnel.

Thousands of Eritreans, including dozens of journalists, have had no choice but to flee the country to escape the indiscriminate repression. RSF tries to follow as many of the cases of Eritrean exile journalists as possible. RSF also supports Radio Erena, an independent Eritrean radio station based in Paris that broadcasts to Eritreans in Eritrea and the diaspora.

Eritrea is ranked last, 180th out of 180 countries, in RSF’s 2016 World Press Freedom Index.

The UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize was created in 1997 by UNESCO’s executive council to honor a person, organization or institution that has made an outstanding contribution to the defense and/or promotion of media freedom anywhere in the world, especially when this has been achieved in the face of danger.

The Oxford Times

Journalist who fled Eritrea fearing for life, awarded with national accolade for helping other refugees in Oxford

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SIXTEEN years ago a journalist fled her home in Eritrea, Africa with her two-year-old daughter, fearing for her life.

She hoped to find safety in America. But Eden Habtemichael never made it to the US and instead found herself coming to the UK in 2001.  Completely isolated and unable to speak English, the now 39-year-old found herself crying every day for three months.

Her luck changed when she saw a sign for Asylum Welcome, based in Magdalen Road, and went in to see if she could be helped by the charity.

She has been awarded the Women on the Move Woman of the Year accolade for 2017.

The Rose Hill resident said: “You do not do this for the awards, so I was very surprised to have won this.

“You do it to help the people that are where you were, in this hole where you do not know what you are going to do next.

“Some of the women now call me mom or sister and that is because they do not have any family here.

“You have to help them rebuild a family.”

The national awards are organized by Migrant Organise and United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to recognize and celebrate inspirational leadership and contribution from migrant and refugee women to UK society.

As a former client herself Miss Habtemichael understand the needs and difficulties many of the women face when they come to Oxford.

She added: “When I came here I did not know anything, where to go, what to do and I want to make sure no one else feels like that when they come here.

“I remember bringing my daughter to the playground and just sitting there thinking about how we were going to survive.”

As Woman Service Coordinator Miss Habtemichael runs the charity’s Women’s Group which grew from a monthly group to one that meets several times a week.

Currently, 52 women take part in the program which includes English classes, vocational skills, Zumba and music classes and CV workshops.

Kate Hood, director of Refugee Resource, said: “We are extremely proud of Eden, this award recognizes the outstanding leadership she has provided and the progress that she and the members of the women’s group at Refugee Resource have made.”

In her free time, Miss Habtemichael is also co-chairwoman of the Oxford City of Sanctuary, a trustee of East Oxford Community Centre and is one of the directors at Sanctuary Housing, which helps provide temporary accommodation to vulnerable refugees and migrants.

She has also established a friendship group between the Ethiopian and Eritrean communities in Oxford.

In the future, Miss Habtemichael hopes to be able to resume her career as a journalist after she spent seven years reporting on stories in Eritrea.

Her daughter, Segen, now 18, is hoping to study psychology at university in September.

She added: “I am very proud of everything she has achieved.

“That is why I did what I did, so I could have a better life for us both.

“It makes me very sad that she has not grown up in the motherland but my dream is that for one day we will be able to go back home.”

For more information visit: refugeeresource.org.uk

My Haunted homeland Eritrea.

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many voices coming from jail, torture, even of the graves because their soul still does not rest in peace, after long suffering from colonies when the revolution fighters in 1991 entered Asmara we were happy because we thought that the long suffer from the Eritrea people has been the end? because Eritrea was the homeland we were looking for, Christians and Muslims both blessed our new homeland everyone was happy.

the dictator regime in Eritrea began working like his imaginary ghosts of Africans tyrants to rule the country by force, he killed many there are more than 35 thousand political prisoners, 22 journalists,15 ministers, for more than 15 years they are in prison without trial and most of them are dead in jail.

Many believe there are much invisible, but in Eritrea, we have visible ghosts. wherever you goes in Eritrea you can see these ghosts and that why you do not need any efforts or the paranormal researcher society investigators to reveal them, because in Eritrea they are killing and sucking blood under the Sun lights.

Eritrea is beautiful and Eritrea has many places for us and for the foreigners, but the tyrant landlord ghost unfortunate he was thirsty to our blood, even the blessing of Christians and Muslimes does not work, shape of evils and nightmare become reality in Eritrea  that is why people have fled Eritrea and many are waiting to get a chance to flee Eritrea to save their own lives because our sweet dream become a nightmare please remember, to be a refuge is not a choice.

I know that the Eritrean people become burdens to the international community like many refugees, but what we can do, and there is nothing we can do the only way is to escape from the mouth of the bloodsucker tyrant and it is one of our basic rights to search for the protection and it the right to all mankind and it is an obligation because we love life, freedom, dignity, and liberty. therefore we hate to be refugees because everywhere you go do not forget that there is no land there like your homeland.

Paulos Yacob

NO CHAINS AROUND MY FEET BUT I AM NOT FREE.

I would like to express my anger because it is growing inside me every day, also to blame this institution because I believe that every state has to follow the 1951 refugees recommendation, no state’s interest in the international conventions, and I believe that justice is one and that justice must be for all, because the racism and discrimination we face is disturbing. the seed of the Nazi Hitler and Fascist Mussolini are growing by different names “Peggyda” between right-wing extremist, currents and new in the the group known as “hooligans” those led Europe to ruin. the history never forgives to anyone, therefore I do not believe the civilized people of EU will give them a chance to repeat their ugly history and their stupidity again. they will lose just like their fathers Hitler and Mussolini. also, I believe the civilize and good people of EU will throw them to the rubbish again because the right place to them is Garbages. The politician’s of the son”s of Hitler and Mussolini feed racism and xenophobia they feed the growing hatred between EU citizens and refugees and migrants the racism will cause great harm to the Europian union, so, who will take the responsibility of this ruin? which is a destruction and an unprecedented challenge to the human rights of refugees and migrants and their life in dignity.

western countries are in the name of democracy interfering in many countries and helping the tyrant in Eritrea and many tyrants in the name of humanitarian. therefore the greed system caused many types of blood and many damages, and many people are fleeing their countries and the blood of innocent victims are running like a river in the everywhere corner inside the third world, now the evils of the new world order are crying of their ugly mistakes and greed.

in accordance with the constitution law in EU and we believe justice for all please check what is written in the EU constitution and we do not believe that is available on papers only for decoration.

PAULOS YACOB

 

 

tear down Dublin racist Wall.

the siege of refugees by means of the racist Dublin regulation II, III in the lawlessness hell Italy is the risk of death, attention how many homeless refugees in this moment are sleeping in the street under this cold weather, I think it is clear about the suffering of the besieged refugees. and health situation of refugees in Italy is compounded because of the blockade, of the racist Dublin Wall. most of the refugees live in the buildings that have not yet completed construction or in dirty Abandoned Houses. Acute shortages of food and basic necessities. I can describe the situation of refugees in Italy catastrophic thread more serious and dangerous, in the light of the lack of warning from international organizations to follow up on this humanitarian issue is very sensitive, it means a green light to the lawless Italy, for to be more lawlessness. do not forget that Italy is one of the member states of the great EU, and it is very funny. at the same time, it is too rude to EU

to discover the truth by yourself, please watch this documentary. I was the actor of this film, because of my activities and peaceful fight for my rights the Italian government decided to revoke my status of refugees.

Paulos Yacob

 

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